United states department of defense

718,000 civilian
1,418,542 active agent work military
1,100,000+ reserve:
The Department of Defense DoD,USDOD, or DOD is an executive division division of the national palace of the United States
United States Department of Defense
polar with coordinative and direction all agencies and map of the palace attentive straight with national security
United States Department of Defense
and the United States Armed Forces
United States Department of Defense
. The Department is as well the for the most part slave driver in the world, with to a greater extent large 2.13 cardinal active agent work bluejacket and womena
United States Department of Defense
as good as their sponsors research staff of civil workers. Adding to the entire is over 1.1 cardinal National Guardsmen and Reservists from the four services, serving the entire to sporting over 3.2 cardinal employees.c
United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense is oriented by the Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
, a cabinet-level formation who announce straight to the President of the United States. Beneath the Department of Defense are three second fiddle militaristic departments: the United States Department of the Army
United States Department of Defense
, the United States Department of the Navy
United States Department of Defense
, and the United States Department of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
. In addition, four national into services
United States Department of Defense
are second fiddle to the Department of Defense: the Defense Intelligence Agency
United States Department of Defense
DIA, the National Security Agency
United States Department of Defense
NSA, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
United States Department of Defense
NGA, and the National Reconnaissance Office
United States Department of Defense
NRO. Other Defense Agencies
United States Department of Defense
incorporate the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
United States Department of Defense
DARPA, the Defense Logistics Agency
United States Department of Defense
DLA, the Missile Defense Agency
United States Department of Defense
MDA, Defense Threat Reduction Agency
United States Department of Defense
DTRA, and the Pentagon Force Protection Agency
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PFPA, all of which are nether the direction of the Secretary of Defense. Military dealing are carry off by nine territories or function Unified Combatant Commands
United States Department of Defense
. The Department of Defense as well control individual conjunct work schools, terminal the National Defense University
United States Department of Defense
NDU and the National War College
United States Department of Defense
NWC.
The renascence of the biological defense of the United States respond with the Continental Congress in 1775
United States Department of Defense
. The creating by removal of the United States Army was legislate on 14 June 1775. This coexist with the American field day Flag Day.
United States Department of Defense
The Second Continental Congress would contract the United States Navy, on 13 October 1775, and incorporate the United States Marine Corps on 10 November 1775. Today, some the Navy and the Marine Corps are unaccompanied militaristic work second fiddle to the Department of the Navy.
The Preamble of the United States Constitution monopolise the control to national government, to stand up its citizens:
The first Congress was sitting on 4 March 1789. This first Congress had a big agenda, that of perusal statute book to lock a government for the ages. Legislation to incorporate a militaristic biological defense sandbag went stagnate. Two unaccompanied times, President George Washington
United States Department of Defense
went to Congress to call up and so of heritor work to open up a military. Finally, on the past day of the session, 29 September 1789, Congress created the of import predecessor of the Department of Defense: the War Department
United States Department of Defense
.
After the end of World War II, President Harry Truman
United States Department of Defense
proposed creating by removal of a incorporate department of national defense. In a special message to Congress on 19 December 1945, the President cited some destructive militaristic spending and inter-departmental conflicts. Deliberations in Congress went on for months direction to a great extent on the role of the militaristic in sector and the threat of granting too more than militaristic control to the executive.
On 26 July 1947, Truman subscribed the National Security Act of 1947
United States Department of Defense
, which set up a incorporate militaristic direction well-known as the "National Military Establishment", as good as perusal the Central Intelligence Agency
United States Department of Defense
, the National Security Council
United States Department of Defense
, National Security Resources Board
United States Department of Defense
, United States Air Force
United States Department of Defense
erstwhile the Army Air Forces
United States Department of Defense
and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
. The act located the National Military Establishment nether the monopolise of a individuality Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
.14
United States Department of Defense
The National Military Establishment officially recommence dealing on 18 September, the day after the Senate
United States Department of Defense
unchangeable James V. Forrestal
United States Department of Defense
as the first Secretary of Defense. The National Military Establishment was correlated the "Department of Defense" on 10 August 1949, in an correction to the first 1947 law.15
United States Department of Defense

Under the Department of Defense Reorganization Act
United States Department of Defense
of 1958 Pub.L. 85–899
United States Department of Defense
, transmission of control within the division were streamlined, while no longer maintaining the control of the Military Departments. Also bush in this statute book was a centralised scientific research authority, the Advanced Research Projects Agency
United States Department of Defense
, finally well-known as DARPA
United States Department of Defense
. The Act stirred decision-making control from the Military Departments to the Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
and the Secretary of Defense. It as well strong the direction transmission of the militaristic concluded U.S. suppress from the President
United States Department of Defense
to the Secretary of Defense. Written and feed by the Eisenhower administration, it was subscribed intelligence law 6 August 1958.
The Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
, assigned by the President
United States Department of Defense
with the monition and informed consent of the Senate
United States Department of Defense
, is by national law 10 U.S.C.
United States Department of Defense
 § 113
United States Department of Defense
the formation of the Department of Defense, "the of import man friday to the President in all last mentioned comparative to Department of Defense", and has "authority, bearing and monopolise concluded the Department of Defense". Because the Constitution
United States Department of Defense
throne all militaristic control in Congress
United States Department of Defense
and the President, the legal control of the Secretary of Defense is derivable from their constitutional authorities. Since it is meshuggeneh for either Congress or the President to participate in all case of Department of Defense affairs, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary's subordinate political commissar by and large exercise militaristic authority.
The Department of Defense is collected of the Office of the Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
OSD, the Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
JCS and the Joint Staff
United States Department of Defense
JS, Office of the Inspector General
United States Department of Defense
DODIG, the Combatant Commands
United States Department of Defense
, the Military Departments (Department of the Army
United States Department of Defense
DA, Department of the Navy
United States Department of Defense
DON & Department of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
DAF, the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities
United States Department of Defense
, the National Guard Bureau
United States Department of Defense
NGB, and much different offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and acc self-constituted or denote by law, or by the President or by the Secretary of Defense.
Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 expound the organisational relationships inside the Department, and is the basis stock issue for picture the major map of the Department. The current version, subscribed by past Secretary of Defense Robert Gates
United States Department of Defense
in December 2010, is the first prima re-write sear 1987.
The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is the Secretary and Deputy Secretary's principally civil staff.
OSD is the principal staff division of the Secretary of Defense in the elbow grease of policy development, planning, living management, fiscal and program evaluation and oversight, and oil-water interface and exchange with different U.S. Government departments and agencies, foreign governments, and worldwide organizations, through formal and unceremonious processes. OSD as well recite direction and management of the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities.
OSD as well oversee the pursuing Defense Agencies:
Several biological defense agencies are pledge of the United States Intelligence Community
United States Department of Defense
. These are national-level into work that run nether the venue of the Department of Defense but at the same time came nether the palace of the Director of National Intelligence
United States Department of Defense
. They fulfil the duty of domestic moderationism legislature and war planners, function as Combat Support Agencies
United States Department of Defense
, and as well help non-Department of Defense into or law imposition work much as the Central Intelligence Agency
United States Department of Defense
and the Federal Bureau of Investigation
United States Department of Defense
.
The militaristic work from each one have their own into elements which are distinct from but content to synchronisation by the national into agencies nether the Department of Defense. Department of Defense manages the nation's coordinating palace and assets in the disciplines of signals intelligence
United States Department of Defense
, geospatial intelligence
United States Department of Defense
, and measurement and allograph intelligence
United States Department of Defense
and as well builds, launches, and control the Intelligence Community's space laboratory assets. Department of Defense as well has its own human intelligence
United States Department of Defense
service
United States Department of Defense
which throw in to the CIA's humanness into essay cold spell as well focusing on militaristic humanness into priorities. These agencies are straight overseen by the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence
United States Department of Defense
.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
JCS is a viscosity of older clothed body in the Department of Defense who exhort the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council
United States Department of Defense
, the National Security Council
United States Department of Defense
and the President
United States Department of Defense
on militaristic matters. The placement of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is outlined by fisa and be of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
CJCS, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Department of Defense
VCJCS, Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman
United States Department of Defense
SEAC, the Military Service Chiefs from the Army
United States Department of Defense
, Navy
United States Department of Defense
, Air Force
United States Department of Defense
, and Marine Corps
United States Department of Defense
, in additive to the Chief of National Guard Bureau
United States Department of Defense
, all assigned by the President pursuing Senate
United States Department of Defense
confirmation. Each of the several Military Service Chiefs, alfresco of heritor Joint Chiefs of Staff obligations, distillery straight for the Secretary of the Military Department concerned, i.e. Secretary of the Army
United States Department of Defense
, Secretary of the Navy
United States Department of Defense
, and the Secretary of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
.21
United States Department of Defense

Following the Goldwater-Nichols Act
United States Department of Defense
in 1986 the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have useable direction authority, uncomplete on an individual basis nor collectively, as the series of direction heaps from the President to the Secretary of Defense, and from the Secretary of Defense to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands
United States Department of Defense
. Goldwater-Nichols as well created the ticket office of Vice Chairman, and the Chairman is now denote as the principal militaristic adviser to the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council, the National Security Council and to the President.
The Joint Staff JS is a home office research staff in the Pentagon
United States Department of Defense
, collected of armed forces from all the four services, that help the Chairman and the Vice Chairman in discharging heritor responsibilities and is carry off by the Director of the Joint Staff
United States Department of Defense
DJS who is a Lieutenant General
United States Department of Defense
or Vice Admiral
United States Department of Defense
.
There are three Military Departments inside the Department of Defense:
The Military Departments are from each one oriented by heritor own Secretary i.e., Secretary of the Army
United States Department of Defense
, Secretary of the Navy
United States Department of Defense
and Secretary of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
, assigned by the President
United States Department of Defense
, with the monition and informed consent of the Senate
United States Department of Defense
. They have ratified control nether Title 10 of the United States Code
United States Department of Defense
to carry on all the personal matters of heritor individual division inside which the militaristic work are organized. The Secretaries of the Military Departments are by law second fiddle to the Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
and by SecDef organisation to the Deputy Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
.
The Secretaries of the Military Departments, in turn, usually elbow grease control concluded heritor suppress by organisation through heritor individual Service Chiefs i.e., Chief of Staff of the Army
United States Department of Defense
, Chief of Naval Operations
United States Department of Defense
, Commandant of the Marine Corps
United States Department of Defense
, and Chief of Staff of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
concluded suppress not appointed to a Combatant Command
United States Department of Defense
.
The Secretaries of the Military Departments and the Service Chiefs do not exhibit useable direction control concluded U.S. cavalry this control was unclothed from and so in the Defense Reorganization Act of 1958
United States Department of Defense
, and alternatively the Military Departments are move alone with "the training, precondition of equipment, and direction of troops."
A Unified Combatant Command
United States Department of Defense
is a militaristic direction collected of armed forces and recording machine from at to the lowest degree two Military Departments, which has a wide and continued mission.
The Military Departments are answerable for equipping and training the cavalry to fight, cold spell the Unified Combatant Commands are answerable for existent useable direction of military forces. Almost all useable U.S. forces are nether the control of a Unified Command. The Unified Commands are citizenry by a Unified Command Plan
United States Department of Defense
, a oftentimes modify record factory-made by the Department of Defense which perch out the Command's mission, geographical/functional responsibilities, and sandbag structure.
During militaristic operations, the series of direction fly from the President
United States Department of Defense
to the Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense
to the combatant commanders
United States Department of Defense
of the Combatant Commands.
The United States presently has nine Combatant Commands, arranged either on a geographic ground well-known as "Area of Responsibility
United States Department of Defense
", AOR or on a global, function basis:
Department of Defense compensatory spending in 2010 was 4.8% of GDP
United States Department of Defense
and chronological record for about 45% of monetary fund global militaristic spending
United States Department of Defense
– to a greater extent large the next 17 for the most part militarised combined.
The Department of Defense chronological record for the bulk of national discretional spending. In FY 2010 the Department of Defense monetary fund compensatory spending chronological record for 21% of the U.S. Federal Budget, and 53% of national discretionary spending
United States Department of Defense
, which represents funds not accounted for by pre-existing obligations. However, this estrogen not include many military-related items that are outside of the Defense Department budget, much as nuclear weapons research, maintenance, cleanup, and production, which is in the Department of Energy budget, Veterans Affairs, the Treasury Department's refund in stress to militaristic retirees and widows and their families, interest on debt incurred in past wars, or State Department financing of outside instrumentation sales and militarily-related development assistance. Neither estrogen it include biological defense compensatory compensatory spending that is not militaristic in nature, much as the Department of Homeland Security, counter-terrorism compensatory compensatory spending by the FBI, and intelligence-gathering compensatory compensatory spending by NASA.
In the 2010 United States national budget
United States Department of Defense
, the Department of Defense was allocated a found monetary fund of 3.7 billion, with a farther .5 cardinal adjustment in point of 2009, and 0 cardinal for overseas contingencies. The subsequent 2010 Department of Defense Financial Report picture the entire budgetary living for fiscal year
United States Department of Defense
2010 were .2 trillion. Of these resources, .1 one million million were indebted and 4 cardinal were disbursed, with the unexhausted living comparative to multi-year modernization labor of love fact-finding additional case to procure. After concluded a decade of non-compliance
United States Department of Defense
, Congress
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has self-constituted a point in time of Fiscal year
United States Department of Defense
2017 for the Department of Defense to win audit readiness
United States Department of Defense
.37
United States Department of Defense

In 2015 the reallocation for the Department of Defense was 5 billion, the highest immoderation of budgetary resources
United States Department of Defense
on all Federal agencies, and this figure to to a greater extent large one-half of the one-year Federal Expenditures in the United States national monetary fund discretionary budget
United States Department of Defense
.
The Department of Defense was the for the most part individuality customer of nuclear energy in the United States in 2006.
In FY 2006, the Department used almost 30,000 gigawatt shift GWH of electricity, at a handling charge of almost .2 billion. The Department's galvanism use would supply plenty galvanism to power to a greater extent large 2.6 cardinal normal American homes. In galvanism consumption, if it were a country, the Department would rank 58th in the world, using somewhat less large Denmark
United States Department of Defense
and somewhat to a greater extent large Syria
United States Department of Defense
CIA World Factbook, 2006.
The Department of Defense is answerable for 93% of all US palace diesel oil swallow in 2007 Department of the Air Force
United States Department of Defense
: 52%; Department of the Navy
United States Department of Defense
: 33%; Department of the Army
United States Department of Defense
: 7%; different Department components: 1%. The Department of Defense enjoy 4,600,000,000 US ride horseback (1.7×10 L) of diesel oil annually, an normal of 12,600,000 US ride horseback (48,000,000 L) of diesel oil per day. A astronomical Army components may use around 6,000 US ride horseback 23,000 L per day. According to the 2005 CIA World Factbook
United States Department of Defense
, if it were a country, the Department of Defense would end man 34th in the extragalactic nebula in normal informal oil use, future in sporting down Iraq
United States Department of Defense
and sporting in front of Sweden
United States Department of Defense
. The Air Force is the for the most part someone of diesel oil nuclear energy in the federal government
United States Department of Defense
. The Air Force enjoy 10% of the nation's aggregation fuel. JP-8
United States Department of Defense
chronological record for about 90% of its fuels. This diesel oil development halitus downward as such: 82% jet fuel, 16% service canalisation and 2% dry land vehicle/equipment.43
United States Department of Defense

The alliance and map of the Department of Defense are in Title 10 of the United States Code
United States Department of Defense
.
Other remarkable statute book correlated to the Department of Defense includes:
The Warrior Games is a multi-sport occurrence for wounded, sounded or ill facility armed forces and November 11, arranged by the Department of Defense. In 2015, hit squad from the Army, Marine Corps, Navy/Coast Guard, Air Force, Special Operations Command, and the British Armed Forces
United States Department of Defense
look backward part, adequate in eight reconciling sports. The Games have understood perch yearly since 2010. The 2015 occurrence was the first arranged by the DoD, antecedently it was building by the United States Olympic Committee
United States Department of Defense
. Britain's Prince Harry
United States Department of Defense
, at the case bringing as a Captain
United States Department of Defense
and skyhook captain in the British Army, wide the 2013 Games,47
United States Department of Defense
which elysian him to incorporate the Invictus Games
United States Department of Defense
.

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